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In spite of whites being a minority under the present regime in this country, these ongoing crimes against humanity goes not merely unnoticed, but ignored.

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The Western powers would prefer that you forget it. And everywhere you look, global bankers are getting rich off white and black poverty—all the while blaming the white man for the problems there. Bill White is a freelance journalist and publisher based in Virginia.

Bill is also the author of a new book entitled National Socialism: I,a citizen of the U. The many opportunities that white S. Even when, as I learned over there, so many of the non-European people earned education and training only to be denied employment! The same situation is here in the U. It is dastardly factual that their is a very tragic earnings divide between whites and most of the other non-whites.

The answers must come from white males whom at all costs are striving to maintain control of their perceived lives while destroying others through their willful and evil actions. Your comment is totally out of touch. There is no white genocide in South Africa. The murder statistics are absolute fake statistics. Everything is not like it is supposed to be but the situation in South Africa is a far cry from what these people wants us to believe.

After many decades of secrecy and operation in the shadows, we, the illuminated ones, must begin to form the young membership. More than ever the world needs an elite group of individuals j work to create the fate of the masses. They need us, but we must once again band together. What you see in the media today was not the original plan of our organization. It is not required that you are already super wealthy, or you are already an elite member of government or business….

You then become enlightened. You have made it to the ranks of the worlds most elite group. You have made it here because you chose to seek.

Chose to seek the massive knowledge and power that is provided to those that wish to become enlightened. The path of enlightenment is not difficult, but it will not come to those who do not wish to find it. Never before have we sought out, in any outlet be it traditional print or digital media, a new membership, available to the public.

But we now realize that the public is who seeks knowledge, and wishes to use it in a way that helps the masses become enlightened, and live in a way that enlightened ones do! Now is the new era of the Illuminati! You simply must commit. Commit to the plan of enlightenment, agree to further the cause of mans god given right to not live in the dark, to be free, and to live how he was made to live, enlightened. We require that individuals that want to join our branch of The Illuminati pay a small fee to be added to the membership records, and receive an official Illuminati membership certificate.

Our goal is to operate as honestly and efficiently as possible. As you imagine, we like to operate in the shadows as much as possible. The fable is not to be confused with The Snake and the Farmer, which looks back to a situation when friendship was possible between the two.

The story concerns a farmer who finds a viper freezing in the snow. Taking pity on it, he picks it up and places it within his coat. The viper, revived by the warmth, bites his rescuer, who dies realizing that it is his own fault.

A scorpion asks a frog to carry it across a river. The frog hesitates, afraid of being stung, but the scorpion argues that if it did so, they would both drown.

Considering this, the frog agrees, but midway across the river the scorpion does indeed sting the frog, dooming them both. When the frog asks the scorpion why, the scorpion replies that it was in its nature to do so. You are delusional mate. I have the true statistics verified by AfriForum. Even Sunette Bridges and others have since updated their websites and documents with the correct data.

Some even stopped the farm murder campaign altogether. Can you give me the names of the 70 people killed since ? Thought so for see those people do not exist. The whole campaign was built on wrong statistics.

I do not believe that it was on purpose. AfriForom and others have since realized the truth although some of them just carry on with the propaganda knowing that the statistics do not back their statements. You probably shuttle between fenced establishments in the course of your daily routine, but still fail to see the reality of what life in South Africa has devolved to for white people.

How many white women do you see on foot in the open after sunset? People fear experiencing car trouble when they drive in this country, and are frequently assaulted should they be in such a situation. Where do you get your murder statistics? This is fake news! I am an Afrikaans speaking white citizen of South Africa and I can tell you now that this article the section about the killing of white people in South Africa is not the truth.

It is false propaganda by white South Africans purely because of fake statistics. That is an average of a mere people a year compared to almost black people a year. Truly folks, somebody gave the author of this article fake statistics! You deserve to be murdered and property taken, you stole it in the first place.

People are people, no what colour they are. You have good, bad and indifferent across the spectrum. STOP allowing your little dim-witted brains to be subverted to slave for, and serve the agenda[s] of the mega-rich and powerful. They spend fortunes to cultivate divisions between people … the better to rule and control the gullible. Raymond Mays unfortunately, other white countries have been subverted by the left, who are only interested in bringing muslim invaders into the country.

Hi I would like to know if it is possible to for other countries to accommodate white south Africans. I would rather live in another country and support that country for a better life style and safety for my family. Seriously where is the love? Hatefilled comments from both sides. Whites in SA should organize themselves and split from the blacks in SA. Make their own country.

Leave the negers on their own. When whites settled in SA there were many parts that were uninhabited, so saying it was all negros land is a joke. Throughout 6, years of recorded history, the Black African Negro has invented nothing.

Not a written language, weaved cloth, a calendar, a plow, a road, a bridge, a railway, a ship, a system of measurement, or even the wheel.

This is in reference to the pure-blooded Negro. He is not known to have ever cultivated a single crop or domesticated a single animal for his own use although many powerful and docile beasts abounded around him. His only known means of transporting goods was on the top of his hard burry head. The rate at which Blacks commit murder is thirteen times that of Whites; Rape and assault, ten times. These figures, as given by the F. According to the justice Dept, 1 in every 4 Black males between the ages of 20 and 29 is currently in prison or on probation or parole.

Black rapists choose White victims over half The annual report from the Department of justice shows that when Whites commit violence they do it to Blacks 2. Many people argue that high Black incarceration rates show that police center enforcement at Black crimes and ignore white-collar crimes.

However, Blacks commit a disproportionate number of white-collar of fenses as well. In , Blacks were nearly 3 times as likely to be arrested for forgery, counterfeiting, and embezzlement as Whites. It also has the fewest police per capita. Per capita, their illegitimacy rate is ten times that of Whites. Blacks are four and a half times more likely than Whites to be on welfare. Cities are drug or alcohol abusers. Among human races numerous studies have been made of the comparative weight of White and Negro brains with results that fell within the range of about an 8—12 percent lower weight for the Negro brain.

In addition to the difference in brain weight, the Negro brain grows less after puberty than the white. Though the Negro brain and nervous system mature faster than the white brain, its development is arrested at an earlier age which limits further intellectual advancement. The thickness of the supragranular layer the outside layer of the Negro brain is about 15 percent thinner, and its convolutions are fewer and more simple, on average, than that of the White brain.

The frontal lobes of the Negro brain, responsible for abstract conceptional reasoning, are smaller relative to body weight, less fissured, and less complex than those of the White brain.

Dear Skantbrain, You seem incapable of comprehending what is going on here. When this country was originally colonized by whites, population density of all races here was more sparse than your brain cells. You can just imagine how devoid of large scale human habitation this country was. That we have a problem in South Africa I am in agreement with.

The way I see it is that most acts of violence are perpetrated by black individuals. In South Africa this is far worse, and I do also agree is that blacks experience the lions share of the crime wave committed by their own countrymen. However, black murderers do not torture other black people to death as they do to white people in rural South Africa. What kind of person burns an year old person with a clothes iron, pours boiling water on them, or disembowels a young pregnant woman?

Or do you deny this? It is very sad what has happened to South Africa after apartheid ended. I have been think a lot about the Boers lately. I wrote a piece extolling Americans to band together in white identity and comparing us to the Boers. It may be read at: This caused quite a remarkable online spat between Bridges and several other Tweeters, including Afrikaans singer Bouwer Bosch, who questioned her astonishing statistics.

Bridges is but one of the dozens of people who have been distributing their own statistics and Fear mongering, especially aimed at an International audience. No wonder these armchair activists gets upset when their exaggerated statistics gets debunked.

Bridges and others have published various articles in which they stated the number 70 murdered since , but since the twitter spat Bridges mysteriously edited that figure, without making a public apology or ever admitting she was wrong. However, if you search the internet you will find this figure of 70 being quoted everywhere. In her recent blog posting http: If you do a quick calculation, you will discover that this brings the murder rate to 0. This equates to 3. It is also less than the world average murder rate of 6.

It is almost similar to the rate of murder in Europe of 3. Our whole country is a target, and we must find our collective voice and inclusive solutions. Comparing this to the rate of murder in our Country which is currently around By far the likeliest victims of murder in this country will be the black population. Take into account that the white population is 8.

Our black population suffers much more than whites do. Were in years of recorded history have whites ever had a nation for just themselves??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? America, Central America, N. America, Canada and alaska all for the indians. Ignorant people say you europeans go back to europe your own country but the fact is europe was inhabited by blacks before whites migrated there from asia which the asians claim is all their land.

The whole planet belongs to all races but the white race. Why has that been the case for years whites may ask. Let me tell you who YOU are and who the real devils are. A white couple does not produce black, arab, asian or indian babies. They only produce white babies. That is where all the races today come from. They are white or black or a mix of the two genes. God destroyed the earth by the flood to kill all the mongrels because Noah and his family were the last few pure blooded whites left on earth.

Many idiot preachers say Ham father the black race but that is a lie. Ham was white and married a black nephilim woman and that started the contasmination of the white adamic race all over again.

The bible says the nephilim after that time. The attempt of Satan and his black children raped the white adamic race almost into extinction. NO and I mean NO other nations on the planet earth promote their own genocide 24 hours a day using every form of media available. From TV to basketball and football magazines with white women and their black husbands on the front covers to posters in the mall to white children being taught in schools that if they do not mate with blacks they are racist and bigots.

It is to bring about the genocide of the white Adamic peoples of the world. We are the ONLY race targeted for genocide. Anti-Christ is a code word for Anti-White. The white Adamic seedline are the true Israelites of the bible. The JEWS run the banks, the government and they run most of the worlds media. It is them who promote white genocide in every christian white nation. You will not find a blue, green or hazeled eyes JEW. They are contaminated white adamites. None of the , or bibles had the word JEW in them.

South Africa is an arid country, but supports over 45 million people, half of which came running from the north when Apartheid ended. Who feeds them, genius? Long story short all nationalitys come together as one and get rid of the enemy and trust me faxs you know who u are you done cause trouble all over the would your time is coming believe me!!!

FamerDave you are an ignorant cracker…Africans countries been around since the beginning of time and did not need Caucasians from the barren hills and caves of Europe for survivor…crackers like everywhere else in the world invade other civilizations bringing disease and pillage…stealing ….

The problem with blacks is that they love the fruits of modernization, but both hate working for it. Just look at Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe for example.

All blacks do this. The moment they get their hands on wealth, they lavishly splurge it out on only themselves in order to be notices. When it comes to performance and accountability, they fall infinitely short. When cornered to produce and be accountable, they turn to violence. This is what is happening in South Africa 22 years post-democracy. This is fact because people protesting high cost do not burn down the academic infrastructure which would lead to even higher costs.

All they do is want, want, want, but deliver absolutely nothing of value! Progression is the cruelest law in nature. The races that did not progressed, had to go into slavery or permanent extingtion. The truth is that the black race cannot cope in today. The whites in south africa had no alternative but to fight back in the days, they won and ruled the country, building a great country for the black people of south africa today.

Now the Whites have no place to go… I lived in the Apartheid Era. There was NO violence like this from us on blacks. It is clear that we cannot live in harmony with black people.. In their own country they kill us whites, but then they beg all the time for money from the whites in europe…. The whites in south africa wants a province in south africa, they fully deserve it for their part in building the country.

We have no choice anymore… we will stand up … we will not vanish…we are a great nation that did great things… we are the boers!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! They developed the parts of the country where they settled whereas the blacks merely subsisted where they settled.

Inevitably with South Africa being an arid country, when droughts came knocking, the latter found themselves migrating to white settlements where they could find food and shelter. The whites did not understand ritualistic torturing of cattle to appease forefather spirits or raping of goats and sheep as initiations ceremonies for sangomas witch doctors or harvest body parts off live infants, that these people brought to their doorsteps and tried to teach them their ways.

The blacks though do not do in Rome what the Romans do. Are you on drugs? Otherwise the Dragons will probably get you. South Africa is a test-run for Europe. And the end plan is global communism. If ethnic Europeans become a minority in Europe, they will be faced with the accusations about colonialism in order to redistribute wealth. There is a lot of hatred by Blacks towards Whites due to the colonial past of Africa, I see it on many internet forums.

While Whites have been brainwashed with multiculturalism and cultural Marxism, Blacks are still being brainwashed with racist revolutionary communist propaganda… so there will be a clash.

Why Whites stick around is beyond me. Apply for refugee status in a western country, or like the mudbloods do in Western nations all the time, overstay a temporary visa.

Leave them to their own devices, quit producing food at all. I hate the part whereby you call Africa a dark continent also I feel bad for what is happening to whites then you forget they came to Africa by choice and to extort from stupid people right?

The thing is you know no damn thing about what blacks as well suffer and suffered from them whites, the thing is how can they come to Africa and own 87 percent of South African land, my grand mother suffered apartheid if they had stayed in their civilized countries and left Africa alone things would of been better, I do not hate anyone but as well ask yourself why?

The Islamic slave trade. Without which, the American slave trade would never have been possible. Slavery, Terrorism and Islam: Racially Incorrect Facts on Slavery: African Slave Traders by Jack Kerwick. Racially Incorrect Facts by Jack Kerwick. White Folks are Wicked. Slavery Convictions in Mauritania: Real Reform or Deliberate Deception? One wonders whether Kohn realizes what will happen to her in an Islamic state that enforces Sharia, given that she is openly gay. The Religion of Peace site reports: See reference to Traveller page 1.

May your wish be granted and the whites leave you to your own devices. Glen, please be advised that Gene is probably not black. An agent provocateur may be acting out of their own sense of duty or may be employed by the police or other entity to discredit or harm another group such as a peaceful protest or demonstration by provoking them to commit a crime, thereby undermining the protest or demonstration as a whole.

By propounding into the consciousness of the dark races that for centuries they have been oppressed by whites, we can mold them to the program of the Communist Party. In America we will aim for subtle victory. While inflaming the Negro minority against the whites, we will endeavor to instill in the whites a guilt complex for their exploitation of the Negros. We will aid the Negroes to rise in prominence in every walk of life, in the professions and in the world of sports and entertainment.

With this prestige, the Negro will be able to intermarry with the whites and begin a process which will deliver America to our cause. Who is it that I am not permitted to criticize? They have always done that for status and cattle not land as the tribes kept on chasing other tribes off their land and killing them. The Zulus now Matabeles in Zimbabwe were chased by local Zulus to Zimbabwe where the Shonas now a few years ago killed thousands of them.

WTF are you talking about? Pity the only few good ones that believe in the Lord feel the brunt of it. Now he is getting the hawks like CIA to invesitgte him because he refuses to let billions be spent on Jets,nuclear power stations from the Russians that we cannot afford and the more and more and more. Imagine how embarrassing it is to have a president with over charges of fraud and theft against him and he has already been found guilty on some.

You are dreaming pal. American whites have very similar tendencies with Arab Muslims. A tendency to play the victim and a love of mindless hatred to sustain that victimhood.

All those who hate us will live in the most vile conditions once whites are all gone. Who sends the aid to black and brown countries? When Europeans arrived in Africa they were already starving and killing each other off. Look at the average black IQ. Negroes in America teach their chilluns that blacks invented cars, phones, electricity and so on.

They teach their black monsters that Shakespeare, Mozart, and Beethoven were black. Oh, and Jesus was a grunting vile Negro, too. Jews, even your own encyclopedias used to say that there was more Hebrew blood in Europe than there was in Israhell. Yes, we might be gone, but this earth will be a living hell for blacks and most dark-skinned sub humans.

You can take this next sentence to the bank: Because when the Euro Christian imperialists took the lands over, they managed to remove millions of people from their native homes and then revoke their citizenships.

Why should anyone cry over karma? Native Africans are fighting back against their brutal colonizers and modern oppressors, who despite being a tiny fraction of the population still own the majority of wealth and land. But instead of learning and changing things they just return to tribal murderers and kill their only chance at learning.

You barbaric ancient creatures sicken me. Perhaps you should rather keep reading the MSM tripe you clearly want to believe. In fact some today are longing back to what YOU call mistreatment and humiliation:.

Bladerape-torture-mutilation known as genital mutilation known as circumcision is my specialty. Satanic ritual abuse is also a good way to describe it.

Horrifying rise in child human sacrifice in Uganda at the hands of witch doctors. Large incisions were cut in his scalp, neck, and abdomen and a hole drilled in his skull. She writes that 10 years after the operation her son will still not allow anyone to touch his head, neck, and abdomen in the areas touched during surgery.

The mere sight of the hospital provokes in this child violent trembling, profuse sweating, screaming, struggling, and vomiting. He turned blue, started breathing frantically, and cried incessantly. A drainage tube was inserted and the baby was hospitalized for 19 days. After half an hour in this position, the baby vomited. Doctors pumped his stomach. The baby cried vehemently throughout the minute ordeal.

After the surgery, the baby refused to feed. His abdomen became distended and doctors discovered that his stomach had ruptured, requiring emergency abdominal surgery and the insertion of a feeding tube. After 25 days in the hospital, the baby was released. All races can and do commit violence and violent crime upon others as has been seen throughout history.

Physical factors that can influence violence include genetic disorders, genital mutilation known as circumcision. Failed and absent parenting such as resulting from alcohol, drug and substance misuse and mental health problems. Evil entities such as demons and their more evil masters continually demand greater suffering to release spiritual energy they have none of their own and they of evil voraciously devour for their survival as parasites devour their hosts.

Studies have shown the lack of human contact results in greater mental health problems later in life. Circumcision Should be Stopped People talk like first generation blacks were so intelligent we could have just handed it over to them and all would go on like normal.

Whites were the first people to stop slavery in modern times, whereas slavery still continues in Africa. When the Trans-Atlantic slave ships docked at African slave markets to buy slaves, they bought slaves who were already slaves. It was Arab Muslims and Black Africans themselves who captured members of rival tribes and took them to the coastal slave markets to sell to the Whites and Jews.

African Muslims raided up the coastlines of Europe, particularly the British Isles but even as far as Iceland, kidnapping and enslaving White European Christians.

The men were galley slaves, and the women were sex slaves. This was more brutal than working on a plantation or as a domestic servant. Most of the American slave ships and American slave markets were run by Jews. But no one blames modern Jews. Native Americans and Jews owned Black slaves. In fact, Jews were the biggest slave-owners in America per capita. Most in fact went to Latin America to serve Hispanic slave-owners. Blacks kill more than twice as many whites as whites kill blacks.

Blacks are times more likely to be murderers. Black cops are 3. Unarmed white Dylan Noble 19, shot dead by Fresno California police. Homeless Kelly Thomas beaten to death, killers walk free. Moral of the story: This is what happens when one race dehumanizes and brutalizes another race.

However, murdering innocents of any race is not the answer. The report even specu-ranted about the figure probably being close to due to under-reporting. They got what they deserved. On Sunday 16 December , while laagered near the Umslatos River or Hippo Pool, they were attacked by more than 30, Zulus, being outnumbered more than 60 to 1. Sunday, December 16 was like being newly born for us—the sky was clear, the weather fine and bright.

We hardly saw the twilight of the break of day or the guards, who were still at their posts and could just make out the distant Zulus approaching. All the patrols were called back into the laager by firing alarm signals from the cannons. The enemy came forward at full speed and suddenly they had encircled the area around the laager. As it got lighter, so we could see them approaching over their predecessors who had already been shot back.

Their rapid approach though terrifying to witness due to their great numbers was an impressive sight. The Zulus came in regiments, each captain with his men behind as the patrols had seen them coming the day before until they had surrounded us. The battle now began and the cannons unleashed from each gate, such that the battle was fierce and noisy, even the discharging of small arms fire from our marksmen on all sides was like thunder.

After more than two hours of fierce battle, the Commander in Chief gave orders that the gates be opened and mounted men sent to fight the enemy in fast attacks, as the enemy near constantly stormed the laager time and again, and he feared the ammunition would soon run out. With the power of their firearms and with their ox wagons in a laager formation and some excellent tactics, the Boers fought off the Zulu.

After three hours, the Boers had killed an estimated 3, Zulu soldiers and had only three of their men wounded, among them Pretorius. The Zulu withdrew in defeat, many crossing the river which had turned red with blood and thereafter known as the Battle of Blood River.

The Boers celebrated the Day of the Covenant every year on 16 December and most of them credit the victory to God. After the battle, follow up attacks on the capital UmGungundlovu set the Zulu King Dingaan to flight with what retainers chose to follow him into exile.

Blacks had nothing and fought each other tooth and nail for territory women and livestock. Not a toilet not a fork nothing. They are murdering white families, boiling or burning women and babies or burning them with irons and more, the scumbags. Killing mostly their own dissidents or people wanting to go to work when a boycott was on, mostly old black women. Thousands they care not for any but them self and will stand together and fight it out with each other to gt it all.

One cannot understand these beasts. They trap birds and throw them alive into a fire before eating them. Chicken heads and feet Walkie Talkies they pop into their mouths and crunch, crunch; even the beak gets eaten. They never had nothing. Could not write, did not know what a book was or soap. No pads or tampons. LOL and soap imagine. Whether you are a shill or actually black, we have a common enemy, and its name is doctor.

Interesting cut-out lamps and the mosaicked bathroom add quirkiness, and the family portrait canvases lining the passage wall lend a personal touch. Summerhill sleeps six adults in two double en-suite mezzanine master bedrooms and four kids can share bunk beds the outdoor shower will come in handy after mornings spent building sand castles. From R a night for the house max eight Contact: Helier Cottage ticks every box — tucked away at the end of a panhandle, you enter a private eyrie that feels very secure.

Step inside, and the view will stop you dead in your tracks: The balau-timber exterior spaces are equally well-proportioned and stylishly furnished. Hardly surprising, given that owner Joy Brasler was part of the design team that created the award-winning interiors for Singita Lebombo Lodge ranked No. The passing trains rumble by from dawn, but I was pleased to rise with the sun. A great place to cook, read, contemplate, dream. From R sleeps up to 10 in four bedrooms six adults, four kids in one room with two bunk beds ; serviced thrice weekly.

Screed floors, high ceilings, Nguni rugs, abstract art, leather headboards, ornate lamps and bright paintings add glamour to the otherwise stark white sea-facing suites and the four-bunk and double rooms that open onto a big lawn. The low price has a catch: Umkomaas is popular for diving and angling and you might spot the occasional surfer.

Holidaying in a village on the Dolphin Coast, just 45 minutes north of Durban, is hardly going off the grid. Three of the thatched self-catering units have stoeps with views to the ocean, between palm trees and over a tropical garden. The fourth, a teeny round hut about 10 steps from the sand and away from the other units, is excellent for couples; Sea Lodge, the largest of the lot sleeps four , is a favourite for families.

Each unit, decked in earthy tones and safari decor, has a braai, TV, air-conditioning, kitchenette and also access to the fenced swimming pool and shared lapa. The chalets are comfortable, but not too spacious. From R a night for depending on the number of guests max four Contact: Indeed, American cotton for export was almost unknown before the mids. Not only did the revolt in Haiti deprive the Manchester mills of raw material, it also dispersed experienced cotton plantation managers to the low country of the American South.

Moreover, when Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in it increased productivity with American Upland cotton by a factor of 50 virtually overnight. The combined results of these events was staggering. By the start of the Civil War cotton accounted for nearly two-thirds of total US export values.

Unlike other potential competitors, the United States possessed virtually limitless land much of it expropriated from Native Americans , an abundance of slave labor, and the capital necessary for the development of large-scale agricultural operations. Dependence on American cotton was worrying to manufacturers in England. What if the rapidly industrializing, fledgling republic across the Atlantic should decide to invest in cotton manufacturing themselves?

Or cut favorable deals with continental competitors? Worst still, how much longer was slave labor politically tenable? In an effort to diversify the sources of supply, the British government attempted to build experimental, southern-style plantations in India, complete with American cotton farmer managers. Growing cotton, it seemed, was only viable with slave labor. Prices for raw cotton quadrupled. Brazilian and Egyptian cotton production also jumped. But these efforts were aided by highly inflated raw cotton prices.

What would a world with cotton but without slavery ultimately look like? The global cotton network responded with remarkable vigor and success. So how were such feats of agricultural productivity achieved without slave labor?

According to Beckert, it was driven by a new, powerful imperial state in partnership with industry. In the wake of slavery, and reaching deep inland across the cotton growing regions of the world, a new system of credit, private land ownership, contract law and industrial infrastructure projects railroads, canals, telegraphs bolstered harvest yields to new heights, even across the former Confederacy where sharecroppers clawed their way back so that by they were producing twice their pre-war records and reclaimed their dominant position supplying the British mills.

England in India and Egypt, Japan in Korea and China, Russia in Central Asia, and the United States in the Native American lands of the West all aggressively pushed cotton production to meet global demand while growing domestic textile industries.

But what about the processing of all that raw cotton into usable yarn and thread, not to mention the manufacturing of finished products, such as the mass production of inexpensive shirts and dresses? That required an entirely different type of labor: Mobilizing large numbers of workers, perhaps thousands, paying them fixed wages and then monitoring their work and effort was an entirely novel concept in the early nineteenth century.

Finally, we are today living in a world of global, post-modern cotton. Beckert stresses that cotton production has exploded in growth while moving almost effortlessly to the lowest cost producer. See all reviews. Most recent customer reviews. Published 24 days ago. Published 4 months ago. Published 5 months ago. Published 6 months ago.

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